A group from Division of Molecular Pathobiology, International Institute for Zoonosis Control, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan, etc. has reported about isolation and characterization of distinct Rotavirus A (RVA) in bat and rodent hosts.
Here, RVA was isolated from Egyptian fruit bat and Natal multimammate mouse collected in Zambia (representative strains: 16-06 and MpR12).
The RVA genome consists of 11 dsRNA segments, each encoding 6 structural viral proteins (VPs) and 5 or 6 nonstructural proteins (NSPs). RVA has a nonenveloped, triple-layered virion, with the outer capsid layer consisting of the spike protein VP4 and the glycoprotein VP7.
It was found that 16-06 entered cells by binding to sialic acids on the cell surface, while MpR12 entered in a sialic acid-independent manner. Notably, glycan-binding analysis suggested that 16-06 recognizes both human and animal-type sialic acid, NeuAc and NeuGc.